Australian Citizenship by Descent
If you were born outside Australia, and at least one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth, you may be eligible for Australian citizenship by descent. Australian citizens by descent have the same rights and privileges as any other Australian citizen, including the right to vote and the right to an Australian passport. Citizens by descent are also subject to the same responsibilities as other Australian citizens, including the responsibility to serve on a jury and defend Australia should the need arise.
In general, most applicants can qualify for Australian citizenship by descent in one of two ways:
Pre-1949 Birth - Additional eligibility
- you were born outside Australia;
- at least one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth (if your Australian parent was an Australian citizen by descent at the time of your birth, they must have spent at least two years in Australia during their life).
- you were born outside Australia or New Guinea before 26 January 1949;
- at least one of your parents became an Australian citizen on 26 January 1949.
Your Australian parent must have been born in Australia or New Guinea, or have been naturalised in Australia before your birth.
It is critical that you are able to provide evidence of your Australian parent's citizenship status at the time of your birth (or on 26 January 1949, if applicable) in support of your application. If you are 18 years or older you must also be of good character.
Applicants for Australian citizenship by descent are not required to sit a citizenship test or attend a citizenship ceremony, unlike applicants for citizenship by conferral.