Australian Citizenship by Descent

If you were born outside Australia, and at least one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth, you may be eligible for Australian citizenship by descent. Australian citizens by descent have the same rights and privileges as any other Australian citizen, including the right to vote and the right to an Australian passport. Citizens by descent are also subject to the same responsibilities as other Australian citizens, including the responsibility to serve on a jury and defend Australia should the need arise.


In general, most applicants can qualify for Australian citizenship by descent in one of two ways:

General eligibility

  • you were born outside Australia;
  • at least one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth (if your Australian parent was an Australian citizen by descent at the time of your birth, they must have spent at least two years in Australia during their life).

Pre-1949 Birth - Additional eligibility
  • you were born outside Australia or New Guinea before 26 January 1949;
  • at least one of your parents became an Australian citizen on 26 January 1949.


Your Australian parent must have been born in Australia or New Guinea, or have been naturalised in Australia before your birth.

It is critical that you are able to provide evidence of your Australian parent's citizenship status at the time of your birth (or on 26 January 1949, if applicable) in support of your application. If you are 18 years or older you must also be of good character.

Applicants for Australian citizenship by descent are not required to sit a citizenship test or attend a citizenship ceremony, unlike applicants for citizenship by conferral.

Helping you, helping others

Migration Plus adds value to the community in which it works. At least 5% of our profit goes towards our contributions to what we call Step Up and Reach Out which assists selected young people from Australia and around the world who choose to improve their position in life through education and learning. Read more

Registration and regulatory information

Migration Plus is a long established, Australian based privately owned independent immigration consultancy with a team of highly skilled OMARA Registered Migration Agents who represent our clients from around the world.  Migration Plus provides fee-based services in addition to the official Government application fees and disbursements to advise, assist and represent our clients through the complex visa application process.

All decisions for granting of a visa remain with the Australian Government, subject to lodging a valid application using the forms or electronic lodgement systems available on the Government website and meeting the relevant criteria. Migration Plus is not affiliated with the Australian Government.  We act independently in assisting and representing our clients interests, we advocate for our clients. The Australian Government registers Migration Agents – all our Agents are registered under that system.  We are also licensed to provide Continuing Professional Development to Migration Agents and we belong to the Migration Institute of Australia.  We take great pride and offer exceptional professionalism in helping you achieve your immigration goal.