Migration Plus

Australian Citizenship by Conferral

Australian citizenship may be conferred upon permanent residents of Australia who have resided in Australia for the required period of time, and meet all other requirements. Those who have been conferred citizenship have the same rights and privileges as any other Australian citizen, including the right to vote and the right to an Australian passport. Citizens by conferral are also subject to the same responsibilities as other Australian citizens, including the responsibility to serve on a jury and defend Australia should the need arise.


Each applicant must:

  • be a permanent resident of Australia (and have been a permanent resident for at least the last 12 months);
  • have lawfully resided in Australia for at least the last 4 years;
  • NOT have been outside Australia for more than a total of 1 year in the last 4 years (and no more than 90 days during the last 12 months);
  • be likely to reside in, or maintain a close and continuing connection with, Australia;
  • if aged 18 years or older, be of good character.

Citizenship Test

Once the Department of Immigration & Citizenship has processed your application and established that you meet the requirements, you will be asked to attend an appointment at which you will sit the citizenship test. This test contains questions regarding the rights and responsibilities of Australian citizenship, along with questions relating to life in Australia and what it means to be an Australian citizen. Each eligible adult applicant must sit this test. The questions are based on testable information contained in the Australian citizenship test resource book, which you will be able to study before your test.

Citizenship Ceremony

After you have passed your citizenship test and your application has been approved, you will need to attend a citizenship ceremony. Generally the ceremony will take place within 3 months of the date that your application is approved, although waiting times vary between different local councils. At the citizenship ceremony you must take the Australian Citizenship Pledge in order to complete the process of becoming an Australian citizen. All eligible adult applicants must attend a citizenship ceremony – there are very few exceptions to this requirement.